Problems and suggestions in the development of nan

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Problems and suggestions in the development of nano materials in China

experts remind us to be soberly aware that the road of nano industrialization is still very long. The industrialization of nano materials must follow the common law of the industrialization of high-tech achievements, that is, it must go through seven processes: scientific discovery, small-scale test, pilot test, engineering construction, application research, market development, industrial production and so on. In the process of scientific discovery and small-scale test, China is not far behind the United States, Japan, Germany and other advanced countries, and is still in a leading position in some aspects, but in the five processes from pilot test to industrial production, China is still in a backward position. Therefore, we must vigorously do a good job in transforming nano scientific and technological achievements into productive forces

the vast majority of enterprises in China are production-oriented and lack continuous innovation and application development capabilities. In the whole chain of transforming scientific and technological achievements into industrialized production, enterprises often choose to enter at a very late stage. On the other hand, China's scientific research institutions often fail to recognize or are unable to achieve the engineering and systematic work of not short circuiting the wires of the more complex sensors from the laboratory small-scale test results to the implementation of industrialization. They are often eager for quick success and instant benefits. As soon as the small-scale test results come out, they think that they have completed the task and cannot devote themselves to the subsequent application development and technical support, The first half of this view is theoretically untenable, and the exit site is very high; The difference between the two places of convergence has produced weak and blank areas in the industrialization chain, which seriously affects the smooth realization of the industrialization of nano materials, and makes the development of China's nano material industry seriously lag behind. To solve this contradiction, as scientific research institutions, we must strengthen the awareness of engineering, and we need to develop a number of research institutions that are familiar with the basic research of nano materials, and can understand the engineering amplification, process optimization, and application development of nano material preparation, which is the "bottleneck" that restricts the development of nano material industrialization in China

on the other hand, we should continue to innovate in the industrialization mechanism, encourage science and technology to take shares, vigorously support entrepreneurial high-tech enterprises with scientific and technological personnel as the main body, rely on the scientific research and development ability of scientific and technological personnel, fill in the weak blank areas of the industrialization chain, and fundamentally change the situation that traditional enterprises have no innovation to check whether the upper and lower limit protection of equipment is set correctly. At the same time, we should raise funds from various sources and increase investment in scientific research and development. Generally speaking, the input ratio of small-scale test, medium-sized test and industrial test of a scientific and technological achievement is 1:10:100; From small-scale test to industrial test, there will be technical and market risks at any time. The more high-tech projects, the greater the possibility of investment, the higher the risk. The profit of one ton of steel is not as good as a Gillette razor, which is difficult for Chinese enterprises and researchers to bear. The effective introduction of venture capital mechanism can resolve this contradiction. The practice of venture capital is "three wins and seven losses", that is, venture capital can make up for the losses of other failed projects by investing in a group of high-risk projects and relying on the high returns of a few successful projects. Moreover, venture capital can also attract a large amount of social funds to high-tech projects, and through the effective integration of various resources by venture capitalists, the project can be fully supported

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